Adding –ed and –ing to verbs
We will also be looking at adding –ed and –ing to verbs and the spelling rules associated with this.
Some verbs just add – ed/-ing:
E.g. jump – jumped – jumping,
walk – walked – walking,
rush – rushed – rushing
Some verbs end with ‘e’ so you ‘drop the e’, before adding –ed/-ing:
E.g. dance – danced – dancing, care – cared- caring, live – lived, living
Some verbs need you to double the last letter before adding –ed/-ing. If the verb pattern ends in CVC pattern, this is a good clue that you need to double the letter:
E.g. – slip – slipped – slipping, pat – patted – patting, hop – hopped – hopping
If a verb ends in y – you just add the –ing with no change.
E.g. worry – worrying, play –playing, carry – carrying
However, when adding the –ed ending there are two very important rules for you to remember:
If the verb ends with a vowel + y – you just add –ed:
E.g. play – played, pray – prayed, stay – stayed
If the verb ends with a consonant + y, you change the y to and i, before adding –ed:
E.g. hurry – hurried, carry – carried, tidy – tided
There are a few videos below which go through these spelling rules for you and then maybe you’d like to play the following games to practise.
https://www.spellzone.com/word_lists/games-12952.htm - there are 3 free games you can play.
Irregular Past Tense Verbs
We can make verbs past tense by adding –ed, however some words change completely when we make them past tense:
go – went break –broke buy – bought
There is no easy spelling rule to follow for these, but you need to do a lot of work on knowing them and building up your vocabulary to know them. Have a look at the following videos and play some of the games below to practise and revise irregular past tense verbs.
This half-term, we’re going to look at another part of speech which can be used in sentences.
We’re going to think about adverbs. Adverbs tell us how, when or where something happens and we can think of them as ‘adding more information to the verb’.
A lot of adverbs in sentences end in –ly, e.g. quickly, slowly, carefully, however we do have some adverbs which don’t end in –ly, e.g. never, yesterday or soon.
We’re going to focus on the –ly adverbs and the different spelling rules, so focus carefully on your spelling today please. Watch the two videos below which will help you with the spelling rules.
You could maybe play the following game to help too and choose single player.
Adverbs can tell us how, when, where and how often something happens. Look at the list of adverbs in the picture to the right.
Lots of adverbs end in –ly and you were practising the spelling rules for these yesterday. However, there are some adverbs that don’t end in –ly and of course not all words that end in –ly are adverbs, for example, Emily we know is a noun. Watch the videos to learn a little more about adverbs and maybe you’d like to play this game:
Parts of Speech Revision
We have now looked at 4 different types of parts of speech in P5: nouns, adjectives, verbs and adverbs. Let’s recap on our parts of speech…
Why don’t you try making up sentences with all four in them?
Mrs Boyd likes to run quickly on Saturday, especially in the wet rain.
The little girl ate the huge ice-cream slowly, so she enjoyed the sweet flavour of the ice-cream.
I went to the bank yesterday, but it was closed.