Topic Focus 18.05.20
The River Nile and Farming in Ancient Egypt
Our topic focus for this week is to look at The River Nile and to think about how important it was to the Ancient Egyptians for their everyday life.
Did you know? The River Nile is the longest river in the world! It is approximately 6,650 km long and has been around for a very long time.
The River Nile was so important to the Egyptians as they based their whole calendar year around the river. The river helped them farm the land and provided them with transport, food and water for daily life.
Click on the link below to find out lots of new facts about The River Nile and have a look at the PPT also. Maybe you could make a poster with facts you have learned? We have also uploaded a few worksheets on The River Nile if you’d like to have a go at doing them.
Farming in Ancient Egypt
The people of ancient Egypt grew everything they needed to eat, therefore farming was very important to them. Most villagers were farmers. Farmers lived in towns too, along with craftworkers, traders and other workers and their families. Egyptian farmers divided their year into three seasons, based on the cycles of The Nile River. Have a look at the following PPTS with some video links in them and the website link to find out more about farming in Ancient Egypt.
Design and Technology Lesson – Make a Shaduf
A shaduf is a hand operated device used for lifting water out of the canal. It was invented by the Ancient Egyptians and is still used today, in Egypt, India and other countries. The device is extremely efficient and easy to use. It is estimated that it can easily and with little effort lift more than 2,500 litres per day.
The shaduf (or shadoof) consisted of a long wooden pole balanced on a beam. The pole had a bucket attached by a rope to one end and a heavy weight acting as a counterweight on the other end. By pulling the rope it lowered the bucket into the canal. The farmer then raised the bucket of water by pulling down on the weight. He then swung the pole around and emptied the bucket onto the field.
Do you think you could make a Shaduf? Follow the instructions on the page below and don’t forget to send a picture to your teacher if you make one.